When we learn Spanish, we focus on the grammar, the vocabulary, the spoken and written expression. This is the traditional method to learn a language. But what happens when we arrive in the country whose language we have learned before, and want to practice it now? It may happen that people there speak very colloquial and we do not understand them, because they use fixed expressions. That is why OnSpain School summarises some Colloquial phrases in the Spanish language
In Spain, the use of fixed expressions is very common. Most of the times you cannot literally translate them, which is why understanding occasionally causes problems. On top of that, these expressions are usually not taught in Spanish classes, ….
Many of these phrases are formed with the verbs “ser” and “estar” (uff, as if these verbs were not difficult enough, without the Spaniards complicating them even further). It is important to know that these sentence structures also vary from city to city, which means that you perhaps listen to some of them in the Spanish school in Málaga, but not in Madrid! And the other way around. Despite all this, there are many terms that are known throughout Spain. Here are some examples:
– Estar negro: to be angry.
– Estar como una rosa: to be well and healthy.
– Estar hecho una vaca/foca: to be fat.
– Estar como un toro: to be strong and healthy.
– Estar de enhorabuena: to be pregnant.
– Estar en las nubes: to be distracted.
– Estar entre la espada y la pared: to be torn between two decisions without the possibility to avoid the decision.
– Ser un cero a la izquierda: to be useless.
– Ser un buitre: to be an opportunistic person.
– Ser un zorro: to be cunning.
– Ser una monada: to be a beautiful thing or person.
Towards the end a few expressions that are formed with “ser” and “estar” and that Spaniards use as compliments:
– Estar buena/o
– Estar como un tren
– Estar para mojar pan
– Estar que quita el “sentío”: something like: to rob you of your senses. This term is often used in Sevilla.
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